En mis clases aludo a este movimiento de fines del siglo XIX y principios del XX en Estados Unidos. Se trata de un periodismo que se volcó valiente a la crítica social y política. De la Universidad de Rutgers aprovechamos este resumen:
THE “MUCKRAKERS” AND THE “SOCIAL PROBLEM”
A group of writers and journalists known as the “Muckrakers” contributed the Progressivism. They were members of the respectable middle class, and they popularized and disseminated their reform ideas. Along with the muckrakers was a group of writers called the naturalists, the naturalist school of writers because they wrote in the naturalistic style. Most of this writing occurred between 1890 and 1910. The Naturalist school or style in literature and the muckrakers overlap.
1. In 1890 Jacob Riis wrote “How The Other Half Lives”. He described the deplorable conditions of the urban slums in New York, with overcrowded, unsanitary tenements. It was not unusual for people in tenements to share a single bathroom on an entire floor of the apartment building. People threw garbage and trash into the streets or alleys. This made a popular audience aware of the poverty in the cities.